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Tuesday, November 22, 2011

Debian / Ubuntu Differences

Debian / Ubuntu Differences

This chapter focuses on Fedora / CentOS / RedHat for simplicity of explanation. Whenever there is a difference in the required commands for Debian / Ubuntu variations of Linux it will be noted.

The universal difference is that the commands shown are done by the Fedora / CentOS / RedHat root user. With Debian / Ubuntu you will either have to become root using the "sudo su –" command or you can temporarily increase your privilege level to root using the "sudo <command>" command.

Here is an example of how to permanently become root:

user@ubuntu:~$ sudo su -
[sudo] password for peter: 

Here is an example of how to temporarily become root to run a specific command. The first attempt to get a directory listing fails due to insufficient privileges. The second attempt succeeds when the sudo keyword is inserted before the command.

user@ubuntu:~$  ls -l /var/lib/mysql/mysql
ls: cannot access /var/lib/mysql/mysql: Permission denied
user@ubuntu:~$ sudo ls -l /var/lib/mysql/mysql
[sudo] password for peter: 
total 964
-rw-rw---- 1 mysql mysql   8820 2010-12-19 23:09 columns_priv.frm
-rw-rw---- 1 mysql mysql      0 2010-12-19 23:09 columns_priv.MYD
-rw-rw---- 1 mysql mysql   4096 2010-12-19 23:09 columns_priv.MYI
-rw-rw---- 1 mysql mysql   9582 2010-12-19 23:09 db.frm

Now that you have got this straight, let's continue with the discussion.

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